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Troubleshooting

Before anything else

Important

Make sure you you have the last version of mkdocs-macros. Perhaps the issue is already fixed?

Also, check that your version of mkdocs is sufficiently up-to-date.

Error Information in case of module error

By default a rendering error in a macro will not stop the server, but display the error in the browser's page (as you would expect, e.g. with php). The terminal's running log also displays errors when they occur.

Is it possible to make the building process fail in case of page error?

Yes. In a context of CD/CI (Continuous Development/Continuous Integration) the generation of the mkdocs site can be part of a larger script.

In that case, the expected behavior is not to display the error message in the respective webpage (default behavior), but to terminate the build process with an error code. That is the best way to advertise that something went wrong.

It should then be possible to consult the log (console output) and track down the offending markdown file and line number.

To activate that behavior, set the on_error_fail parameter to true in the config file:

plugins:
  - search
  - macros:
      # toggle to true if you are in CD/CI environment
      on_error_fail: true

In that case, an error in a macro will terminate the mkdocs-macros build or serve process with an error 100.

Make the behavior depend on an environment variable

As of version 1.2, mkdocs incorporates a yaml extension that allows the value of a configuration option to be set to the value of an environment variable.

You could therefore write:

plugins:
    - search
    - macros:
        on_error_fail: !ENV [MACRO_ERROR_FAIL, false]

Meaning that the parameter "on_error_fail should be set to the value of MACRO_ERROR_FAIL; or if the environment variable is absent to false.

Catching undefined variables

By default, an undefined variable, all by itself, does not cause an error, but leaves the jinja2 statement as-is (not rendered).

If you wish to raise an error also in that case, you may want to add:

    on_undefined: strict

What happens if a variable is undefined?

New on 0.6.4.

The default behavior in case of undefined variable is called keep (DebugUndefined):

  1. Unknown variables are rendered as is ({{ foobar }} will be printed as such if foobar is undefined).
  2. Any other cases (notably unknown attribute or function call) will cause the page to fail (be rendered with an error message within the page plus the traceback).

Tip

There were two reasons for adopting this behavior:

  1. This "debug" mode reduces cognitive overhead in case of misspelled variable. Anyone will be able to detect this error (it is better having an odd jinja2 statement in the page than having a "blank" that is likely to go unnoticed)
  2. Other plugins than mkdocs-macros make use of jinja2 variables (as specified in the config file). In this way, mkdocs-macros will not "eat up" those variables; it will give other plugins a better chance to work.

You may alter this behavior with the on_undefined parameter in mkdocs_macros section of the config file (mkdocs.yaml):

Value Definition Undefined Type
keep (Default) Unknown variables are rendered as-is; all other cases will cause the page to fail. DebugUndefined
silent Unknown variables are rendered as blank; all other cases will cause the page to fail. Undefined
strict Anything incorrect will cause the page to fail (closest behavior to Python). StrictUndefined
lax Like silent (blank); will be more tolerant, typically in case of unknown attribute. LaxUndefined (specific to mkdocs-macros)

For example:

plugins:
  - search
  - macros:
      on_undefined: strict

Warning

A call to an unknown macro (callable) will always cause the page to fail.

The Undefined Type is the Jinja2 class used to implement that behavior (see definition in official documentation).

macros_info() as the go-to tool

Adding following line in a page:

{{ macros_info() }}

and restarting the server in the terminal with mkdocs serve will usually give you a wealth of information within the browser:

  • If the information page appears (as e.g.¬†phpinfo() for php), then you know that the plugin must be working.
  • If the page displays and an error message appears, then there may be a problem either with the page or with the plugin's installation.
  • If the page does not display at all, then the mkdocs server might not be running or there can be a problem running it.

How can I get detailed debug information on an object?

For example, if you want to have more information on the config object:

{{ context('config') | pretty }}

(the pretty filter displays the result in a nice table form)

You can use this pattern for pretty much any object, even those you declared in a module.

When used on its own, context() gives the general list of variables in the plugin's environment:

{{ context() | pretty }}

Help! mkdocs-macros is breaking down or eating pieces of my documentation!

dog eating ice-cream, credit: https://unsplash.com/photos/OYUzC-h1glg

  1. In principle, anything that looks like an unknown variable (e.g. {{ foo }}) will be preserved. But in some cases there could be an error page or an empty string where you expected one. See how you can change the rendering behavior.

  2. Another likely cause of problems is that mkdocs-macros is believing that statements of the form \{\{ .... }} or {% ... %} in your pages, which you want to appear in the HTML output or be processed by another plugin, are intended for it. To solve that problem, see the page dedicated to that issue.

Traces on the console

From version 0.5.0

Using the console's traces for troubleshooting

To make troubleshooting while using mkdocs serve you do not need to rely only on what you see in the browser. You should exploit the trace on the console, which MkDocs-macros produces on the fly.

The statements specific to mkdocs-macros appear with a [macros] prefix e.g.:

INFO    -  [macros] - Macros arguments: {'module_name': 'main', 'modules': ['mkdocs_macros_test'], 'include_dir': 'include', 'include_yaml': [], 'j2_block_start_string': '', 'j2_block_end_string': '', 'j2_variable_start_string': '', 'j2_variable_end_string': '', 'verbose': False}

Tip

Reading the console's trace may help you follow up what is happening.

Hiding mkdocs-macros' trace

You can suppress the trace completely (together with the rest of the INFO trace from mkdocs), with the standard --quiet option :

mkdocs serve --quiet

or with the -q option.

Debug mode for mkdocs-macros

You can increase the trace completely by showing the debug information (together with the rest of the DEBUG from mkdocs), with the standard --verbose option:

mkdocs serve --verbose

or with the -v option.

Verbose (debug) statements in macros

You could use print() statements to log what is happening in your macros, and it is going to be printed on the console. But this can be messy.

It is much better, within the def define_env(): declaration, to use the chatter() function. It will print statements only if the macros plugin's debug mode is set to true.

plugins:
  - ...
  - macros:
      verbose: true 

Tip

With the chatter() function, you can leave those debug traces in the code of your macros, and visualize them only when you want to see them.

You need to first declare the chatter() function with the env.start_chatting() method. This initialization is necessary, so that you can give a nickname for your module, which will allow you to recognize the traces:

def define_env(env):
    """
    This is the hook for the functions (new form)
    """
    # activate trace
    chatter = env.start_chatting("Simple module")

    ...
    chatter("This is a dull statement.")

This will print:

INFO    - [macros - Simple module] - This is a dull statement.

Important

The verbose mode for mkdocs-macros is distinct from the general debug mode of mkdocs (which is activated with the --verbose option).

To activate the debug mode for mkdocs-macros, you need to set the verbose option to true for mkdocs-macros, in the config file (mkdocs.yml).

Toggling between true and false in the verbose option will be immediately be reflected on the console.

Forcibly suppressing the console output of macros

If the verbose argument is set to true for the plugin, the messages will appear as INFO on the console's log.

It means that if you suppress the trace output at the level of mkdocs serve (using the --quiet option), this will also suppress the trace for your macros.

This is intentional, so that the behavior of MkDocs's logging remains entirely predictable, even for people who never heard of mkdocs-macros (principle of least astonishment)